Alle Artikel von Großbritannien

 Schwerpunkt  Bicameralism and its Discontents

The UK House of Lords

Dawn Oliver

The UK does not have a supreme court with power to strike down laws that are contrary to the constitution, human rights and so on. Instead the system relies heavily on intra-parliamentary mechanisms, operating in the House of Lords. While the current unelected composition of the Lords is controversial and difficult to justify rationally, it is widely agreed across the political spectrum that the Chamber discharges its functions in legislative scrutiny and examination of public polices well. Weiterlesen

268 Dawn Oliver

Großbritannien auf dem Weg ins verfassungsrechtliche Irrsal?

Maximilian Steinbeis

Aus deutscher Perspektive könnte man leicht den Eindruck gewinnen, als sei das gar nichts Besonderes, was die Tories in Großbritannien alles an konstitutionellen Umwälzungen planen. Einen nationalen Grundrechtekatalog neben der EU-Menschenrechtskonvention? Autonomie und regionale Selbstbestimmung für alle Teile des Vereinigten Königreichs, England eingeschlossen? Da zucken wir an Föderalismus und Grundgesetz gewöhnten Deutschen nur mit den Achseln. Ist doch normal, oder nicht? Aber der Eindruck täuscht. Was der britische Regierungschef und seine Partei da so alles im Schilde führen, deutet mitnichten in eine Richtung, die uns Kontinentalkonstitutionalisten vertraut und heimelig vorkommen sollte. Weiterlesen

1 Maximilian Steinbeis

“Ultimately, the member states decide” – interview with Andrew Moravcsik on the Scottish referendum and European Union politics

Andrew Moravcsik

One week after the Scottish vote, has life for the EU come back to normal? Life is short, and we should not spend so much time on things that are highly unlikely to occur. About 75% of what we read in the newspaper concerns things that might happen and don’t. The Scottish referendum was one such story. It turned out to be closer than people thought, but the probability that it was ever going to pass was always in single digits. (The same goes, by the way, for the probability that Britain will ever vote to pull out of the mehr

263 Andrew Moravcsik

For a Constitutional Convention for the United Kingdom

Cormac Mac Amhlaigh

If one thing became clear from the referendum, it was the idea that the Westminster Parliamentary system was ‘broken’, so much so that Alex Salmond took to using the ‘Westminster establishment’ as a term of derision in the week before the vote. Yet what we are seeing in the pre-referendum ‘Vow’ as well as Cameron’s post-referendum speech is more of the same; constitutional reform being jealously fought over by the exclusive club of the three main Westminster parties where each party tries to promote or prevent a proposal which will promote or prevent them from getting into power sooner or promote or prevent them from holding onto it for as long as possible. This is precisely what has caused political disengagement and voter disaffection not just in Scotland but right across the United Kingdom. Weiterlesen

258 Cormac Mac Amhlaigh

The First Conference on Public Law in the Common Law World: Some Impressions of an Outsider

Anna Katharina Mangold

Apparently, public law in common law jurisdictions is coming of age. From Monday, 15th September, until Wednesday, 17th September 2014, the first major conference assembling public lawyers from common law jurisdictions around the world took place at Cambridge. I found the conference to be highly stimulating, and felt that it provided me with a rough idea of the current struggles public lawyers in common law jurisdictions are facing up to. Weiterlesen

29 Anna Katharina Mangold

Warum die Schotten vor London Angst haben, aber die Bayern nicht vor Berlin

Maximilian Steinbeis

Morgen stimmen die Schotten über ihre nationale Zukunft inner- oder außerhalb des Vereinigten Königreichs ab. Darüber haben wir hier schon viel geschrieben, und alle Zeitungen sind voll davon. Was mich erstaunt, ist, dass kein Mensch eine eigentlich ziemlich naheliegende Frage stellt: Warum sind in UK, Frankreich, Spanien, Italien und Belgien so viele Menschen der festen Überzeugung, das Joch der nationalen Zentralregierung keinen Tag länger aushalten zu können, und in Deutschland kein Mensch? Mehr noch: Warum sehen wir nicht nur keinen Drang zu mehr regionaler Eigenständigkeit, sondern im Gegenteil: eigentlich sogar zu immer weniger? Weiterlesen

1 Maximilian Steinbeis
 Schwerpunkt  Schottland als EU-Mitglied

Scotland and the EU: Eleventh hour thoughts on a contested subject

Sionaidh Douglas-Scott

Is the ‘spectre of disintegration’ haunting Europe? Joseph Weiler fears that it is, and that, were an independent Scotland to be admitted as an EU state, this would lead to a domino effect whereby others would demand independence within the EU – testimony of an atavistic, retrogressive mentality, and adverse to the EU’s raison d’etre. This is a strongly put view, and not all will agree with it. Nonetheless, most of the papers in this highly stimulating symposium address, albeit in very different ways, the concern that lies at the base of Weiler’s argument – namely, the character of the EU, the nature of its values, its very reason for being. They also address the more workaday, but nonetheless critical, legal and practical issues that an independent Scotland’s membership pose. Weiterlesen

247 Sionaidh Douglas-Scott
 Schwerpunkt  Schottland als EU-Mitglied

Scotland and the EU: Comment by CHRISTOPHE HILLION

Christophe Hillion

Like many participants in this stimulating symposium, I am in agreement with several of Sionaidh Douglas-Scott’s contentions. But like some others, I am less persuaded by one of her conclusions: namely, that a treaty revision based on Article 48 TEU would suffice to codify an independent Scotland’s membership in the EU. While admittedly unprecedented, such a situation could not in itself warrant a complete disregard of EU membership rules, eg Article 49 TEU. As part of ‘the particular constitution and rules of the EU’, they should instead be applied, given their specific function in the treaties, albeit in a ‘pragmatic and purposive fashion’ in consideration of the existing and future ties between Scotland and the EU. Weiterlesen

256 Christophe Hillion