Alle Artikel von Großbritannien

 Schwerpunkt  Verfassungs- und Völkerrecht im Spannungsverhältnis

The UK’s Potential Withdrawal from the European Convention on Human Rights – Just a Flash in the Pan or a Real Threat?

Jannika Jahn

The ruling Conservative party of Prime Minister David Cameron published a paper this year, called “Protecting Human Rights in the UK”. The party suggests to replace the Human Rights Act 1998 (HRA), which incorporates the ECHR into UK law, with a “home-grown” bill of rights. The aim is to attribute the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) only an advisory role vis-à-vis the UK parliament and to weaken the quasi precedential effect of ECtHR case-law vis-à-vis the UK Supreme Court. In case this will not be accepted by the Council of Europe (CoE), the Conservatives propose withdrawing from the Convention. mehr

321 Jannika Jahn

Torture, Human Rights and the Northern Ireland Conflict

Donal Coffey

At what point does harsh treatment of detainees amount to torture? With the US Senate report on CIA interrogation practices dominating all the headlines, this question is very much on our minds right now. That the European Court of Human Rights will have to consider this question, is a mere coincidence, though. The Irish Government has decided to reopen a decades old case from the darkest days of the Northern Ireland conflict (Ireland v United Kingdom). The case will raise once again the ugly spectre of the systematic abuse of prisoners in Northern Ireland. Moreover, the litigation has the potential to have far-reaching effects in the relationship between the European Court and the United Kingdom, and in the constitutional settlement within the United Kingdom itself. Weiterlesen

300 Donal Coffey

Verantwortlichkeiten ausbürgern – Entzug der Staatsbürgerschaft zur Terrorismusbekämpfung in Großbritannien

Prisca Feihle

Großbritannien entzieht schon seit dem letzten Jahr verstärkt bestimmten Personen die britische Staatsangehörigkeit und hat nun die Voraussetzungen dafür weiter gelockert. Die Regierung stellt die Ausbürgerung als notwendig dar, um die Sicherheit der – restlichen – Bevölkerung zu gewährleisten. Der Entzug der Staatsbürgerschaft – in Hannah Arendts Worten das „Recht, Rechte zu haben“ – kann aber auch vor dem Hintergrund aktueller Gefährdungslagen nicht die beste Verteidigungsstrategie des Rechtsstaats sein. Sie schafft es nicht, die Sicherheitslage effektiv zu verbessern. Vielmehr bedroht sie sogar selbst den Rechtsstaat. Weiterlesen

298 Prisca Feihle

Straßburg: Lebenslang kann durchaus lebenslang sein

Maximilian Steinbeis

Die britischen Konservativen überlegen bekanntlich zurzeit, sich von der Europäischen Menschenrechtskonvention loszusagen. Einer der Gründe dafür ist die angeblich übergriffige Rechtsprechung des EGMR und darin ganz besonders die zur lebenslangen Haftstrafe. In dem Papier, das die Tories vor einigen Wochen dazu verabschiedet haben, heißt es: "In 2013 the Strasbourg Court ruled that murderers cannot be sentenced to prison for life, as to do so was contrary to Art. 3 of the Convention." Das hat noch nie gestimmt. Eine heute veröffentlichte Kammerentscheidung zur Rechtslage in Frankreich stellt das noch mal unmissverständlich klar. Weiterlesen

1 Maximilian Steinbeis
 Schwerpunkt  Bicameralism and its Discontents

The UK House of Lords

Dawn Oliver

The UK does not have a supreme court with power to strike down laws that are contrary to the constitution, human rights and so on. Instead the system relies heavily on intra-parliamentary mechanisms, operating in the House of Lords. While the current unelected composition of the Lords is controversial and difficult to justify rationally, it is widely agreed across the political spectrum that the Chamber discharges its functions in legislative scrutiny and examination of public polices well. Weiterlesen

268 Dawn Oliver

Großbritannien auf dem Weg ins verfassungsrechtliche Irrsal?

Maximilian Steinbeis

Aus deutscher Perspektive könnte man leicht den Eindruck gewinnen, als sei das gar nichts Besonderes, was die Tories in Großbritannien alles an konstitutionellen Umwälzungen planen. Einen nationalen Grundrechtekatalog neben der EU-Menschenrechtskonvention? Autonomie und regionale Selbstbestimmung für alle Teile des Vereinigten Königreichs, England eingeschlossen? Da zucken wir an Föderalismus und Grundgesetz gewöhnten Deutschen nur mit den Achseln. Ist doch normal, oder nicht? Aber der Eindruck täuscht. Was der britische Regierungschef und seine Partei da so alles im Schilde führen, deutet mitnichten in eine Richtung, die uns Kontinentalkonstitutionalisten vertraut und heimelig vorkommen sollte. Weiterlesen

1 Maximilian Steinbeis

“Ultimately, the member states decide” – interview with Andrew Moravcsik on the Scottish referendum and European Union politics

Andrew Moravcsik

One week after the Scottish vote, has life for the EU come back to normal? Life is short, and we should not spend so much time on things that are highly unlikely to occur. About 75% of what we read in the newspaper concerns things that might happen and don’t. The Scottish referendum was one such story. It turned out to be closer than people thought, but the probability that it was ever going to pass was always in single digits. (The same goes, by the way, for the probability that Britain will ever vote to pull out of the mehr

263 Andrew Moravcsik

For a Constitutional Convention for the United Kingdom

Cormac Mac Amhlaigh

If one thing became clear from the referendum, it was the idea that the Westminster Parliamentary system was ‘broken’, so much so that Alex Salmond took to using the ‘Westminster establishment’ as a term of derision in the week before the vote. Yet what we are seeing in the pre-referendum ‘Vow’ as well as Cameron’s post-referendum speech is more of the same; constitutional reform being jealously fought over by the exclusive club of the three main Westminster parties where each party tries to promote or prevent a proposal which will promote or prevent them from getting into power sooner or promote or prevent them from holding onto it for as long as possible. This is precisely what has caused political disengagement and voter disaffection not just in Scotland but right across the United Kingdom. Weiterlesen

258 Cormac Mac Amhlaigh

The First Conference on Public Law in the Common Law World: Some Impressions of an Outsider

Anna Katharina Mangold

Apparently, public law in common law jurisdictions is coming of age. From Monday, 15th September, until Wednesday, 17th September 2014, the first major conference assembling public lawyers from common law jurisdictions around the world took place at Cambridge. I found the conference to be highly stimulating, and felt that it provided me with a rough idea of the current struggles public lawyers in common law jurisdictions are facing up to. Weiterlesen

29 Anna Katharina Mangold