Alle Artikel zu Ungarn

Legal but not Fair: Viktor Orbán’s New Supermajority

Kim Lane Scheppele

Viktor Orbán and his Fidesz party coasted to a clear victory in last weekend’s Hungarian election, as expected. The governing party got 45% of the vote, but the new “rules of the game” turned this plurality vote into two thirds of the seats in the parliament. A continuing two-thirds parliamentary majority allows Orbán to govern without constraint because he can change the constitution at will. But this constitution-making majority hangs by a thread. Orbán’s mandate to govern is clear because his party got more votes than any other single political bloc. What is not legitimate, however, is his two-thirds supermajority. Orbán was certainly not supported by two-thirds of Hungarians – nowhere close. In fact, a majority gave their votes to other parties. Orbán’s two-thirds victory was achieved through legal smoke and mirrors. Legal. But smoke and mirrors. Weiterlesen


Collective Constitutional Learning in Europe: European Courts Talk to Hungary (Again)

Renáta Uitz

Both the CJEU and the ECtHR have handed down decisions against Hungary, on the same day and only two days after the Hungarian national elections in which the party of PM Viktor Orbán, FIDESz, won an overwhelming majority. While the CJEU judgment on the data protection ombudsman is spectacularly technical, the ECtHR judgment on the 2011 church law is much more comprehensive. Both judgments bring sobering and timely reminders to a freshly reelected Hungarian government on the shortcomings of Hungary’s reinvented constitutional framework. At the same time, the two judgments can be read as a timely reality check on some key aspects of the Commission’s newly envisioned EU Framework for strengthening the Rule of Law. Weiterlesen


Doppelschlag: Zwei Europa-Gerichte gegen Ungarn

Maximilian Steinbeis

Kurz nach Viktor Orbáns spektakulärem Wahltriumph bekommt die ungarische Regierung Post aus Luxemburg und aus Straßburg, beides am gleichen Tag: Der Europäische Gerichtshof (EuGH) verurteilt sie, weil sie den Datenschutzbeauftragten vorzeitig aus dem Amt gedrängt und damit seine Unabhängigkeit verletzt hat. Und der Europäische Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte (EGMR) steigt ihr wegen der Art und Weise auf Dach, wie sie sich die Kirchen im Land finanziell gefügig zu machen versucht. Beides sind nur zwei von vielen Beispielen, die Experten wie Kim Lane Scheppele als Belege zusammengetragen haben, wie in Orbáns Ungarn mit Rechtsstaatlichkeit und Grundrechten umgesprungen wird. Ich habe jetzt keine mehr ...

 Schwerpunkt  Ungarn - was tun? Folge 2: ein besonderes Vertragsverletzungsverfahren

How to turn Article 2 TEU into a down-to-Earth provision?

Dimitry Kochenov

Coming from such an established voice advocating the protection of rule of law at the national level, Kim Scheppele’s proposal definitely enjoys sufficient legitimacy to be taken very seriously. In what follows, I look at the “problem” of democracy (1.), the “problem” with bundling infringements (2.), the problem of determining the meaning of “values” (3.), and the problem with penalties (4.). I conclude that two problems are fictitious but two others are real. Weiterlesen

 Schwerpunkt  Ungarn - was tun? Folge 2: ein besonderes Vertragsverletzungsverfahren

Systemic infringement action: an effective solution or rather part of the problem?

Paul Blokker

Kim Lane Scheppele suggests a comprehensive, holistic approach to deal with prominent challenges to the basic principles of the European Union. I very much sympathize with this idea, but believe a purely legal approach in itself is not sufficient (and might even be counter-productive). Weiterlesen

 Schwerpunkt  Ungarn - was tun? Folge 2: ein besonderes Vertragsverletzungsverfahren

Systemic infringement action: mind the particulars – and go for the big picture

Jan Komárek

While I agree with Kim Scheppelle’s "systemic infringement action" proposal, I am not so sure that it can be accomplished under the existing legal authority. Or better put, the prevailing understanding of what EU Treaties allow the Commission to do requires a much deeper transformation of the Commission’s role than Scheppelle suggests. Weiterlesen

 Schwerpunkt  Ungarn - was tun?

In Praise of the Tavares Report: Europe finally said No to Viktor Orbán

Kim Lane Scheppele

The Tavares Report, adopted by the European Parliament with a surprisingly large majority, provides a bill of particulars against the Hungarian government and lays out a strong program to guide European Union institutions in bringing Hungary back into the European fold. With the passage of this report, Europe has finally said no to Prime Minister Viktor Orbán and his constitutional revolution. Weiterlesen

 Schwerpunkt  Ungarn - was tun?

The Idea of Democracy Protection in the EU Revisited

Jan-Werner Müller

Im Umgang mit Mitgliedsstaaten, in denen Demokratie und Rechtsstaatlichkeit ins Rutschen kommen, zeigen sich EU-Kommission und EU-Parlament weniger hilflos und unentschlossen, als manche befürchtet hatten. Doch reicht solch punktueller Druck aus? Jan-Werner Müller berichtet über die jüngsten Entwicklungen in Brüssel und antwortet zum Abschluss des Verfassungsblogs-Symposiums "Ungarn - was tun?" auf die Kritiker seines Vorschlags, als unabhängige Instanz eine "Kopenhagen-Kommission" einzurichten. Weiterlesen


1984, Hungarian Edition

Kim Lane Scheppele

The Hungarian parliament recently passed a new national security law that enables the inner circle of the government to spy on people who hold important public offices. Under this law, many government officials must “consent” to being observed in the most intrusive way (phones tapped, homes bugged, email read) for up to two full months each year, except that they won’t know which 60 days they are under surveillance. Perhaps they will imagine they are under surveillance all of the time. Perhaps that is the point. More than 20 years after Hungary left the world captured in George Orwell’s novel mehr ...